Insémination artificielle

Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's cervix or uterine cavity for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse. It is a fertility treatment for humans, and is common practice in animal breeding.

Artificial insemination may employ assisted reproductive technology and sperm donation techniques. Artificial insemination techniques available include intracervical insemination and intrauterine insemination.

The beneficiaries of artificial insemination are women who desire to give birth to their own child who may be single, women who are in a lesbian relationship or women who are in a heterosexual relationship but with a male partner who is infertile or who has a physical impairment which prevents full intercourse from taking place. Intracervical insemination (ICI) is the easiest and most common insemination technique and can be used at home for self-insemination without medical practitioner assistance.

Compared with natural insemination (i.e., insemination by sexual intercourse), artificial insemination can be more expensive and more invasive, and may require professional assistance. The sperm injected is that of the spouse or a donor, it may be fresh or frozen semen.





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